Great Chola Temple,Tamilnadu

The Great Living Chola Temples are temples built during the Chola rule in the South of India,Tamilnadu These temples are the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. The Brihadisvara Temple was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1987; the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram were added as extensions to the site in 2004. The site is now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".

Must watch:

The above links are the documentry about chola temples by BBC. Its a very experience
to know best about the temple the life of past decade...

Brihadisvara Temple at Tanjavur

The Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur was built by the great ruler Rajaraja Chola of the Chola dynasty, and was included as a World Heritage Site in 1987.The 10th century AD site is a brilliant example of Dravidian temple architecture. The central temple called the Periya Koyil, or big temple, stands inside a fort whose walls were built later on in the 16th century. The Vimana, or tower, of the temple is seventy meters high and is the biggest in the world.The Sikaram, or crown, is an octagonal cupola and weighs around eighty-two tones. It was believed to be carved from a single stone, but this theory has since been refuted. The difficult task of raising the seventy meter tower to the top of the temple was achieved by constructing a scaffolding of sand nearly eleven kilometers long. The main deity who has been worshipped here since that time is Lord Shiva in the form of a Shivaling. The Shivaling at Brihadisvara is perhaps the most glorious in existence. With a height of 8.7 meters, it is the largest Shivaling in the world. Another notable feature of the temple is the stone bull Nandi. It is immense in size and the ceiling of its enclosure is covered with beautiful frescoes in the typical Thanjavur style. The Nandi weighs twenty-seven tones and is the second largest in the world. Life size representations of Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, and various forms of Shiva like Natesa, and Ardhanariswara adorn the walls and inner passages. Architecturally the temple is the most ambitious structural granite temple to be ever built in the world.The mural paintings of the lower ambulatory side are fine examples of Chola period art. A local Maratha ruler named Sarfoji rebuilt the Ganesha shrine. Later the celebrated Thanjavurstyle of paintings was superimposed over the Chola murals.The temples encouraged fine arts. The sculptures and paintings on the walls of the sanctum and even inscription in elegant Chola and Tamil letters are proof of the artistic and literary progress under Rajaraja. Dance and music were greatly cultivated under the service of the temple. Every evening as part of entertainment and ritual the townspeople gathered at the mandapa, watching the song and dance.

Brihadisvara temple at Gangaikondacholapuram

Another jewel in Chola architecture is the Brihadisvara temple at Gangaikondacholapuram built by the equally illustrious Boldson of Rajaraja Chola, namelyRajendra Chola. The Cholas had just completed successful incursions into northern India, where Rajendra Chola captured the territories of Madurai and Ellum, expanding the Chola Empire to the banks of the River Ganga. Rajendra Chola then collected water from the River Ganga and sanctified his local reservoir with it. With this action he was given the name Gangaikondan, literally meaning “one who brought the Ganges”. Gangaikondacholapuram, located right next to modern Kumbakonam, was established as his capital city. The Gangaikondacholapuram temple was thus built in the golden era of Chola rule, and was an effort by Rajendra Chola to advance the architectural passion of his father. Rajendra Chola wanted to build a temple that equaled the Brihadwisvara temple of Tanjavur in grandeur. The Gangaikondacholapuram temple was built in between 1020 and 1029 AD. The temple is 54.86 meters tall and follows the arrangement of the temple at Thanjavur.Compared to that one, though, this temple is shorter, more graceful and delicate in its contours The temple has intricate carvings on its vimana, or tower, and is influenced by the Northern Chalukya style of architecture. It is built on hard southern granite stone and with the influence of Pallava and Dynasty styles. A ruined gopura, or temple entrance, can be seen at the inner wall of the temple complex. The gopuras of the larger outer walls were pillaged a long time ago. On entering, the huge Nandi or bull can be seen, though it is not a monolithic structure like its counterpart atThanjavur. Some of the outstanding figures of this temple are the figures of Nataraja, or the Dancing Shiva, the coronation of Rajendra Chola by Shiva andParvati, dancing Ganesha, and Ardhanarisa, or half male-half female Shiva. The sanctum contains a five-meter high Shivalingam.Two walls surround the sanctum to provide a private worship space for the royal family. Chalukyan style images of Gods and Goddesses adorn the surrounding walls.The temple also shows the fondness of the Cholas to keep records of their history. Inscriptions are found in plenty on the temple walls. The walls provide different anecdotes such as victories of Rajendra Chola, land grants made during his reign, details of his ascension and many other stories. The temple was to witness many wars after the Chola era. It was used as a garrison and cantonment first by the Pandyas and then by the British. It was also looted on many occasions.

Airavatesvara temple at Darsuram

The third temple in this threesome is the Airavatesvara temple built by Rajaraja Chola II. Built at Darsuram, it features a 24-m Vimana and a stone image of Siva. The three temples are a living example of the brilliant art and architecture of the Chola dynasty.The temples are open from 6am to noon and from 4 to 8 pm. No trip to South India is complete without a trip to these Great Living Chola Temples.


1.The three Chola temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the dravida type of temple.

2.The Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur became the first great example of the Chola temples, followed by a development of which the other two properties also bear witness.

3.The three Great Chola Temples are an exceptional and the most outstanding testimony to the development of the architecture of the Chola Empire and the Tamil civilisation in Southern India.

4.The Great Chola temples at Thanjavur, at Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram are outstanding examples of the architecture and the representation of the Chola ideology.

For Travel:

----> 55 kms from thrichirapalli airport.

---->163 kms from madurai airport.

---->Travelers can board train or flight to trichy or madurai and get travel to thanjavur but local traval availabilities.

---->Travelers can check the hotel availabilities in Thanjavur or Thrichy or Madurai via online even as per their convinence.

Visual Treat:

Image for The Great Living Chola Temples India

File:Chola sculpture.jpg

Image for The Great Living Chola Temples India

Image for The Great Living Chola Temples India

Image for The Great Living Chola Temples India

Image for The Great Living Chola Temples India


Experience the Dravidian culture from chola temple, ur Travel know the Tamil culture :) :) :)

Mahabodhi Temple

The Mahabodhi Temple (Literally: "Great Awakening Temple") is a Buddist temple in Bodh Gaya, the location where Siddartha Gautama, the Buddha, attained enlightment.It is possibly 1000 year old temple.

The first temple was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C., and the present temple dates from the 5th or 6th centuries. It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick, still standing in India, from the late Gupta period.

The temple lost its texture in Islamic era of kingdoms later and restored in British era.


---> The grand 50m high Mahabodhi Temple of the 5th-6th centuries is of immense importance, being one of the earliest temple constructions existing in the Indian sub-continent. It is one of the few representations of the architectural genius of the Indian people in constructing fully developed brick temples in that era.

--->The Mahabodhi Temple, one of the few surviving examples of early brick structures in India, has had significant influence in the development of architecture over the centuries.

--->The site of the Mahabodhi Temple provides exceptional records for the events associated with the life of Buddha and subsequent worship, particularly since Emperor Asoka built the first temple, the balustrades, and the memorial column.

--->The present Temple is one of the earliest and most imposing structures built entirely in brick from the late Gupta period. The sculpted stone balustrades are an outstanding early example of sculptural reliefs in stone.

--->The Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Bodh Gaya has direct association with the life of the Lord Buddha, being the place where He attained the supreme and perfect insight

What to See:

>>The ground level of the temple is 45 meters square, stretching up in a pyramid shape that ends in a smaller square platform. The central tower of Mahabodhi stands 180 feet (54 meters) tall. The brickwork on the outside of the temple depicts scenes from the life of the Buddha.

>>Inside the temple is a colossal image of a seated Buddha touching the earth with his right hand (a gesture known as the earth-witness mudra). In this posture the Buddha accomplished the supreme enlightenment. The statue is of black stone but it has been covered in gold and dressed in bright orange robes.

>>The courtyard of the temple is studded with many smaller stupas and Buddha statues, some of which are several hundred years old. Parts of the railing that surrounds the area are among the oldest elements of Mahabodhi Temple that survive today.

>>Immediately next to the Mahabodhi Temple is the Bodhi Tree, a descendent of the very tree under which the Buddha was enlightened, and the Jewel Walk, marking the place where the Buddha is said to have practiced walking meditation for seven days after his enlightenment.


Bodh Gaya is located about 96 km (60 miles) from Patna, Bihar state, India. Next to the temple, to its western side, is the holy Bodhi tree.

visual treat:



plan ur next vist to mahabodhi temple :P :P :P :P :P

world heritage sites in india....

there are 27 world heritage sites in india stated by UNESCO...
let us discuss about the heritage list...this whole month about its speciality,history,transport and details.... :P



It is situated in ASSAM.Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation established in 1974. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility. The governing bodies are govt of india,govt of Assam.

wild life-----------

>Kaziranga contains significant breeding populations of 35 mammalian species.

>The park has the distinction of being home to the world's largest population of the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros[1855],Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo(1,666) and Eastern Swamp Deer (468).

>Significant populations of large herbivores include elephants (1,940), gaur (30) and sambar (58). Small herbivores include the Indian Muntjac, wild boar, and hog deer.

>Kaziranga was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world (one per five km²), with a population of 86.

>Kaziranga has been identified by Birdlife International as an Important bird area.

>Two of the largest snakes in the world, the Reticulated Python and Rock Python, as well as the longest venomous snake in the world, the King Cobra, inhabit the park.

>The park includes other mammals and spices

Location of Kaziranga National Park: tucked in Golaghat district of Assam, the park lies along the main highwaRhino, Kaziranga National Parky between and the Guwahati. Hamlet of Bokakhat lies to the east, 23 KM (14 miles) from Kaziranga. The park is flanked by the Bodo hills to the west.

Climate of Kaziranga National Park: Summer month are moderate (35° C: 95° F) while winter night are chilly (minimum of 7° C; 45° F ) . Very heavy monsoon rainfall in summer (2300mm; 90 inch )

When to go ( Kaziranga National Park) : A favorable time for the traveler is from November to March. Closed during monsoon season, mid-April t mid-October.

Getting to Kaziranga National Park : Daily flights to Guwahati combined with drive to Kaziranga make this a good option, Flights t Jorhat only twice a week. Bus services from Bokakhar to the park; car hire also available.

Facilities at Kaziranga National Park: Tourist information centre in Kaziranga, Jeeps are available within the park fordrives at dusk. Early morning elephant rides can also be booked in the park. Accommodation in Kaziranga in forest rest houses and tourist lodge owned by ITDC canteen facilities.Comfortable accommodation at Wild Grass Resorts in Kohara.


Flooded grasslands in Kaziranga National Park

Birding at Kaziranga National Park

Birds & Tiger of Kaziranga National Park & Panbari Forest

u can plan ur leave destination at KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK :D :D :D :D :D


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